My ereader clippings
This page is full of random clippings which I’ve selected on my e-reader for reference and further thinking.
null 8. The Origin and Fate of the Universe Time：2022-01-21 02:26
The laws of science, as we know them at present, contain many fundamental numbers, like the size of the electric charge of the electron and the ratio of the masses of the proton and the electron. We cannot, at the moment at least, predict the values of these numbers from theory – we have to find them by observation. It may be that one day we shall discover a complete unified theory that predicts them all, but it is also possible that some or all of them vary from universe to universe or within a single universe.
null 2.2 The First Incompleteness Theorem Time：2022-01-21 01:52
First incompleteness theorem (G¨odel-Rosser). Any consistent formal system S within which a certain amount of elementary arithmetic can be carried out is incomplete with regard to statements of elementary arithmetic: there are such statements which can neither be proved, nor disproved in S. To understand what this means, we need to start by considering the notion of a formal system. This will be followed by some comments on the consistency requirement and then on the condition of encompassing “a certain amount of arithmetic.”
null 2.3 Some Limitations of the First Incompleteness Theorem Time：2022-01-21 01:56
There is therefore nothing in the incompleteness theorem to show that there are true arithmetical statements that are unprovable in any absolute sense. Still, if an arithmetical sentence is unprovable in ZFC, there are good grounds for thinking that it cannot be proved using today’s “ordinary” mathematical methods and axioms, such as one finds in mathematical textbooks, and also that it cannot be proved in a way that a large majority of mathematicians would today regard as unproblematic and conclusive.
Brian Masters 1 Arrest Time：2021-11-23 23:25
I am always surprised and truly amazed that anyone can be attracted by the macabre. The population at large is neither ‘ordinary’ or ‘normal’. They seem to be bound together by a collective ignorance of themselves and what they are. They have, every one of them, got their deep dark thoughts with many a skeleton rattling in their secret cupboards. Their fascination with ‘types’ (rare types) like myself plagues them with the mystery of why and how a living person can actually do things which may be only those dark images and acts secretly within them. I believe they can identify with these ‘dark images and acts’ and loathe anything which reminds them of this dark side of themselves. The usual reaction is a flood of popular self-righteous condemnation but a willingness to, with friends and acquaintances, talk over and over again the appropriate bits of the case.20
page_00000001 Time：2022-01-21 01:40
Ten cycles of the moon the Roman year comprised: This number then was held in high esteem, Because, perhaps, on fingers we are wont to count, Or that a woman in twice five months brings forth, Or else that numbers wax till ten they reach And then from one begin their rhythm anew. —Ovid, Fasti, III
page_00000003 Time：2022-01-21 01:42
A squire was determined to shoot a crow which made its nest in the watch-tower of his estate. Repeatedly he had tried to surprise the bird, but in vain: at the approach of the man the crow would leave its nest. From a distant tree it would watchfully wait until the man had left the tower and then return to its nest. One day the squire hit upon a ruse: two men entered the tower, one remained within, the other came out and went on. But the bird was not deceived: it kept away until the man within came out. The experiment was repeated on the succeeding days with two, three, then four men, yet without success. Finally, five men were sent: as before, all entered the tower, and one remained while the other four came out and went away. Here the crow lost count. Unable to distinguish between four and five it promptly returned to its nest
Kim, Jaegwon WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF MIND? Time：2020-10-08 14:25
What is it to be a creature with a mind?
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF MIND? Time：2020-10-08 14:32
There are also problems concerning specific mental properties orkinds of mental states and their relationship to one another.
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF MIND? Time：2020-10-08 14:32
A third group of problems concerns the relation between minds and bodies, or between mental and physical phenomena
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF MIND? Time：2020-10-08 14:57
called the problem of mental causation
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF MIND? Time：2020-10-08 14:59
How can we accommodate minds and mentality in such an austerely material world?
METAPHYSICAL PRELIMINARIES Time：2020-10-08 15:26
there are serious philosophical arguments that we must accept minds as immaterial things
Olaf Stapledon CHAPTER 8 - CONCERNING THE EXPLORERS Time：2021-08-11 22:17
And for each one, individually, his own little blundering career in his remote native world retained a peculiar concreteness and glamour, like the vividness which mature men find in childhood memories
null Introduction Time：2022-01-21 10:43
In this book I will not confine myself to the examination of the physical reality, but will frankly step from this to the experiential and even to the mythical. I will approach this inquiry within the framework of descriptive phenomenology, which social scientistCynthia Nelson has defined as follows: Descriptive phenomenology attempts to communicate the quality and structure of experiences, be they clear and symbolically defined … or diffuse and even not symbolized. Its subject matter is any concrete phenomenon in experience.2 Instead of asking, like the physicist, “Does the phenomenon interact with measurable quantities of its environment?” or, like the psychologist, “What mental impulses or behavioral needs does the report fulfill?” we will review what is experienced by the witnesses; we will observe what they do as a result of these experiences; and we will attempt to correlate them within a total framework.
Douglas Murray What are the Plausible Causes of ‘Homophobia’? Time：2022-01-20 18:52
From those indifferent couplings I do remember this: when men have sex with women, they fall into the woman. She is the thing that they desire, or sometimes fear, but in any event she is the end point, the place where they are going. She is the destination. It is gay men who, during sex, fall through their partners back into themselves, over and over again. He goes on: I have had sex with many men. Most of them look a certain way. They are medium in height and tend to prettiness. They will probably have blue eyes.They seem, from the street, or across the room, a bit solemn. When I hold them, it is like falling through a reflection back into my desire, into the thing that defines me, my self.46 This is a remarkable insight, and also a disturbing one. Because it suggests that there will always be something strange and potentially threatening about gay people – most especially gay men. Not just because being gay is an unstable component on which to base an individual identity and a hideously unstable way to try to base any form of group identity, but because gays will always present a challenge to something innate in the group that make up the majority in society.
Arthur Koestler 1 Time：2020-12-24 01:23
The history of cosmic theories, in particular, may without exaggeration be called a history of collective obsessions and controlled schizophrenias; and the manner in which some of the most important individual discoveries were arrived at reminds one more of a sleepwalker’s performance than an electronic brain’s
Last edited :- Mon, 24 Jan 2022 00:17:31 GMT